LINUX CLASSES - FILES
How Do I Use Wildcards to Select Files? Using Wildcards
Wildcards come in quite handy when you want to operate on more than one file at a time. You can use wildcards with any of the
commands in this section to list, copy, rename, or delete groups of files or directories.
The asterisk (*) character will match any number of characters in a file name, so consider these examples in light of the animals
directory we used earlier.
$ ls -l c*
-rw-r--r-- 1 hermie users 45090 Mar 23 23:17 cat_info
-rw-r--r-- 1 hermie users 64183 Feb 14 22:07 cow_info
$ mv *inf* ../docs
$ rm -f *
The first command lists only those files that begin with the letter "c." The second will move files with the term inf anywhere in the
name to another directory. The third command will delete all (nonhidden) files from the current directory.
Note: The expansion of the wildcard is done by the shell, not the command you are
running. This means that when you enter the command
rm -f *
the shell expands the wildcard by replacing it with all files that match and actually ends
up executing this command:
rm -f cat_info cow_info dog_info pig_info slugs zippity
This might seem a bit arcane, but it's actually important. Since the shell handles the
wildcards in Linux, you don't have to worry about which commands accept
wildcards and which don't. This is quite different from DOS, where only certain
commands work with wildcards.
Here's a little pop quiz: What will be left in the animals directory if you execute the rm command in the preceding example? Try it
and then use the ls -al command--you may be surprised at the answer.
Previous Lesson: Deleting Files and Directories
Next Lesson: The Nine Deadly Keystrokes
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Comments - most recent first
(Please feel free to answer questions posted by others!)
(24 Sep 2011, 20:36
Assume that you are NOT currently in your home directory.
Enter a command to copy all files in your home directory beginning with
letter 'a' to the current directory.
(20 Jan 2011, 05:53
what command to use if i want to delete all files in a filessystem ending
(14 Jan 2011, 01:14
It is good site.......for linux learner.......thanks Dr.Bob
(06 Dec 2010, 16:25
when editing a file and saving it does order matter? what I mean is this:
:qw or :wq
lastly, how about this
(12 Nov 2010, 13:48
rm -f * means:
all files - hidden or not (*)
If you want to do it recursively, it's rm -rf * with the r being
recursively. Use this carefully as it will delete anything, system files
and folders included. Force means the system will not prompt you.
(29 Oct 2010, 11:06
@Shdz - You're both right and wrong. The -f flag means "force" (never
prompt), and has no bearing on hidden or non-hidden files. However, you
are correct that the "rm -f *" command does not remove hidden files.
(29 Oct 2010, 10:47
Haven't tried the exercise yet, but I think the result would be that all
files but the hidden ones will be deleted. So, after executing the "rm -f
*" command, all files in that directory are hidden files.
"rm -f *"
means remove ("rm")
all ("*" wildcard)
non-hidden files ("-f")
(17 Aug 2010, 03:09
yaaaaaaaaa linux is best!!!!!!!!!
(27 Apr 2010, 14:00
Haven't done the exercise, but the hidden file shouldn't have been deleted.
To delete it one would need to write rm -f .*, methink.
(08 Apr 2010, 00:47
(26 Mar 2010, 08:44
They were all deleted.
(15 Feb 2010, 13:43
I don't want to take the time to do it.
what is the answer?
I welcome your comments. However... I am puzzled by many people
who say "Please send me the Linux tutorial." This website *is* your Linux Tutorial! Read everything here, learn
all you can, ask questions if you like. But don't ask me to send what you already have. :-)
NO SPAM! If you post garbage, it will be deleted, and you will be banned.
by Bob Rankin
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