LINUX CLASSES - EMAIL
Is Pine for Power Users?
Pine is a great tool for managing your email, because it's fast, easy to learn, and easily configurable. But it also has many advanced
features for power users. Once you've become proficient at basic mail handling, try some of these features. (All are accessed from
the FOLDER INDEX screen.)
Use the W ("where is") command to search the FOLDER INDEX screen for messages with a certain word in the Subject line. You
can also use the W command when you're viewing a message to search for text in the message body.
Use the $ command to sort your messages in a variety of ways, including by subject, sender, size, and arrival time.
Use the T command to "take" the sender's address and store it in your Pine address book. You can also assign a nickname to the
address and use the nickname instead of the full address when composing a new message.
Use the H command to view the normally hidden message header lines. At first glance, it's a lot of gobbledygook, but the Received
lines will tell you the path a message traveled to reach your system. This can be handy for identifying forged sender addresses. Press
H again to turn off the display of the header lines.
Forward and Bounce
The F command lets you forward messages to other users. The message composition screen appears as usual, with the forwarded
message pasted into the message text area. You can add your own comments before sending.
The B command will "bounce" a message to another user with no opportunity to add comments. If the recipient's mail system
complies with standards, it will appear as if the message came from the original sender¾not from you. This is handy when you get
mail that was obviously meant for someone else and you want to quietly redirect it.
Export and Pipe
The E command will export a message to a file in your home directory. This is useful if someone sends you a file that you want to
save and edit, or if you receive a uuencoded or encrypted message. (See "Compression, Encoding, and Encryption" for
more on decoding and decryption.)
The | (vertical bar) command will pipe a message directly to any command or program. For example, you could use this feature to
pipe a message to a program that strips off mail headers and formats notes for printing.
Pine has excellent support for attached files. You can attach a binary file such as a program, image, or word processor document to
an outgoing message using the ctrl-J command while the cursor is on the Attchmnt: line in the message composition screen.
Pine encodes the attached file using MIME (Multi-purpose Internet Mail Enhancements), which is a widely used standard understood
by most modern email programs.
Pine can also decode incoming MIME-attached files and either save them to disk or automatically launch the appropriate viewer
tools. I used Pine to send Microsoft Word files back and forth to my publisher in the course of writing this book.
Pine allows you to play different roles, depending on who you are replying to. For example, if you are replying to a message
addressed to email@example.com, you may be acting as a customer service rep. That role may require that you use a
different return address and/or a different signature.
Roles are optional, but if you set up roles, they work like this: Each role has a set of patterns that are used to decide which role is
used and a set of actions that are taken when that role is used. When you reply to a message, the From, To, and Subject fields of the
original message are compared to your role patterns. If a match is found, the matching role's actions are taken. These actions could
include changing the From line, inserting a special template into the message body, or using an alternative signature file. There's a
comprehensive section in the Pine help if you're interested in learning more about roles.
HTML Email and Hotlinks
With the most recent release of Pine, you can now view HTML email messages directly without exporting them to a file and viewing
them with a browser. Pine does a pretty good job of rendering the HTML, minus the color and special fonts.
Pine can also recognize URLs (Web hotlinks) in your email and launch a browser to view them, but you have to explicitly enable this
feature to make it work. From the Pine main menu, press S (for Setup) and then C (for Config). Find the Viewer Preferences
section and turn on these two options:
Then go all the way down to the bottom of the Config screen and set the following:
url-viewers = /usr/bin/lynx
url-viewers = /usr/bin/netscape
Now when you view a message, the up and down arrow keys will highlight the URLs in the message. Just press enter, and the
browser you defined will launch and display the Web page at the selected URL.
The built-in help for Pine is excellent, so if you're interested in learning more, just press the ? key from any screen. You can also
visit the Pine Information Center online at http://www.washington.edu/pine for additional help or to download new
versions of Pine.
For more information on the pine command, see the
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Comments - most recent first
(Please feel free to answer questions posted by others!)
(18 Oct 2012, 10:05
am using linux i would like to keep a copy of my outgoing and incoming mail
on my linux server once l receive it on my laptop. what commands should l
use? many thanks.
(27 Dec 2010, 02:51
Following Links are not working So PLZ....
Sending E-mail ,Reading E-mail and Other mail Commands
I welcome your comments. However... I am puzzled by many people
who say "Please send me the Linux tutorial." This website *is* your Linux Tutorial! Read everything here, learn
all you can, ask questions if you like. But don't ask me to send what you already have. :-)
NO SPAM! If you post garbage, it will be deleted, and you will be banned.